Research & reference

NirvanaFitness® is a holistic body & mind concept incorporating a vast amount of experience and science into a extremely efficient body workout and simple, yet fun way to reach a sense of profound relaxation of the mind.

Here are listed some of the research papers & references NirvanaFitness® is built on. The following quotes & links provide a scientific backup for each of the concepts included in the system.


DIAPHRAGMATIC BREATHING
"Diaphragmatic or abdominal breathing (the proper way to respire). Taking deep, diaphragmatic breaths is necessary to get the oxygen rich air deep into the base of the lungs, where three times as many blood vessels are available for respiratory exchange compared to the upper lung region." 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16007450
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zones_of_the_lung
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thoracic_diaphragm

"It can be concluded that diaphragmatic breathing can be employed as an effective therapy in reducing the oxidative stress..."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22789789

"All studies reported short-term effects, and long-term effects of breathing exercise on asthma quality life."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23088703

"DB showed positive effects such as increase in lung volumes, respiratory motion, and SpO2 and reduction in respiratory rate."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4183256/
 


CORE ACTIVATION - PLB BREATHING TECHNIQUE WITH EXTENDED EXHALATION
"When you exhale fully, you use main breathing muscle diaphragm and all auxiliary respiratory muscles and contract them as a full three dimensional core system (squeezing muscles of the abdominal region). The main role in this action has a thoracolumbar fascia which connects them together (diaphragm, m. transversus abdominis, m. Multifidus, pelvic floor muscles,…)." 
http://jrnlappliedresearch.com/articles/Vol5Iss3/Petrofsky.pdf
 


BREATHING & EMOTION
"One of the reasons why breathing can change how we feel is that emotions and breathing are closely connected. A revealing research study by Pierre Phillipot showed that different emotional states are associated with distinct respiration patterns."
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699930143000392
 


CALMING EFFECTS OF SLOW & RHYTHMIC BREATHING
"For example, once you go below 10 breaths a minute you start to engage the parasympathetic nervous system, which helps the body relax when it has been injured. Slow breathing activates the vagus nerve, the primary cranial nerve, which is associated with a recuperative state."
http://www.mindfulnessmd.com/2015/06/27/neuroscience-of-mindfulness-take-a-deep-breath/
 


IMPROVED OXYGENATION /PLB BREATHING TECHNIQUE
"(PLB - pursed lip breathing technique) creates an additional workload on the body by narrowing exhalation pathway, enabling slow and controlled exhale and forcing your body to adapt to breathing speed, which results in multitude of positive physiological adaptations, including higher lung capacity and more efficient tissue oxygenation."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pursed_lip_breathing
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001236921661485X


"... respiratory therapists teach this technique to their patients to ease shortness of breath and to promote deep breathing, also referred to as abdominal or diaphragmatic breathing.”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pursed_lip_breathing

"We conclude that PLB can improve breathing function in patients with primary or secondary respiratory diseases. The breathing pattern associated with PLB produces a more physiological and efficient ventilation.”
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/8544060_Pursed_Lips_Breathing

"Pursed-lips breathing provided sustained improvement in exertional dyspnea and physical function.”
http://journals.lww.com/jcrjournal/Abstract/2007/07000/Efficacy_of_Pursed_Lips_Breathing__A_BREATHING.10.aspx

"Controlled breathing techniques and chest physical therapy are the 2 major components of the multidisciplinary approach to the rehabilitation of patients with COPD, bronchiectasis, and cystic fibrosis.”
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/319885-overview#showall

"Pursed lip breathing is one of the simplest ways to control shortness of breath. It provides a quick and easy way to slow your pace of breathing, making each breath more effective.”
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_Understanding_COPD/hic_Pulmonary_Rehabilitation
_Is_it_for_You/hic_Pursed_Lip_Breathing


"Breathing retraining program can improve lung functions, arterial blood gas and the levels of activities of daily living. Therefore, breathing retraining should be included in respiratory physiotherapy programs in patients with COPD.” 
http://www.webmedcentral.com/article_view/1904
 


CONSCIOUS BREATHING

"...breathing techniques activate the parasympathetic (inhibitory) nervous system, thus slowing certain physiological processes down that may be functioning too fast or conflicting with the homeostasis of the cells (Jerath et al., 2006)."
https://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/Breathing.html
 


SUFFICIENT BODY OXYGENATION (problem of chronic oxygen starvation/overbreathing/hyperventilation)

 

"Dozens more medical studies prove the same fact: not only people with chronic disease, but nearly all so called "normal subjects" breathe about 12 L/min (double the medical norm)"
http://www.normalbreathing.com/causes-of-hyperventilation.php
 

 


STRESS RESPONSE/RELEASE
"yoga-based practices (4) correct underactivity of the PNS and GABA systems in part through stimulation of the vagus nerves, the main peripheral pathway of the PNS, and (5) reduce allostatic load."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22365651

"Diaphragmatic Breathing Reduces Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress ... The consequence is a lower level of oxidative stress, which suggests that an appropriate diaphragmatic breathing could protect athletes from long-term adverse effects of free radicals."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3139518/

"Stress responses can occur as a reaction to physiological (or systemic) challenge or threat; signals from multiple parts of the brain send input to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) within the hypothalamus."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3860392/

 


HYPERVENTILATION & BURNOUT SYNDROME
"Chronic stress can be seen as a process of deteriorating energetic resources. Severe stress symptoms occur if an imbalance between investing and regaining energy persists over a long period of time."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4282474/
 


BOHR EFFECT
"... an increase in blood CO2 concentration, which leads to a decrease in blood pH, will result in haemoglobin proteins releasing their load of oxygen.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohr_effect
 


BREATHING RETRAINING
"We conclude that breathing retraining has lasting effects on respiratory physiology and is highly correlated with a reduction in reported functional cardiac symptoms."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8805966
 


THETAWAVES/BINAURAL BEATS
"Listening to the binaural beat tapes resulted in a significant reduction in the anxiety score reported ..."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11191043

"The overall conclusion was that brainwave entrainment is an "effective therapeutic tool". People suffering from cognitive functioning deficits, stress, pain, headaches & migraines, PMS and other behavioural problems all benefitted from using binaural beats." 
https://www.transparentcorp.com/downloads/Huang-PsychologicalEffectsBrainwaveEntrainment.pdf
 


SINGING BOWLS
"Physiological and psychological effects of a Himalayan singing bowl in meditation practice ..."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23941101

"We present the results of an experimental investigation of the acoustics and fluid dynamics of Tibetan singing bowls."
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/51914354_Tibetan_Singing_Bowls
 


MINDFULNESS/INTENTIONS
"Mindfulness-based training is an example of an intervention that is gaining promising preliminary empirical support and is increasingly administered in clinical settings."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4403871/

"Mindful awareness entails more than sensing present experience as it generates an awareness of awareness and attention to intention."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2566758/
 


BODY OXYGEN CHECK (Control pause)
"... the simplest way to measure body oxygenation level, which is the single most important indicator of your general health."
http://www.normalbreathing.com/index-measure-CP.php

"Our results suggest that the voluntary breath-hold time might be a useful index for prediction of the exercise tolerance ..."
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16007450


 BODY OXYGEN CHECK COMPARISON
"The results showed statistically significant increase in Body Oxygen Check of tested subjects. We can conclude that NirvanaFitness® system improves an average measurement for cell oxygenation on average by 70,5 %, lowest 46.7 % and highest score of 113,3 %.
(Research conducted on Faculty of sport, Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU)